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Direct & indirect quotes
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Direct and indirect quotes

If you use a direct quote from a source, always:


  • introduce the quote with the author's name
  • enclose the quote in quotation marks
  • conclude the quote with the date of publication and page number(s).

For example:

Satzke states that:

"Plagiarism is the theft of someone else's words." (2001, p 17)

If you use an indirect quote you must still reference the information. Indirect quotes are included in the text, but do not require quotation marks.

For example: 

Satzke (2001) points out that plagiarism is a form of theft.



Change the direct quote in this paragraph into an indirect quote.

In her paper on copyright issues for TAFE students, Satzke states:

"It's good to base your arguments on the work of others, but you have to acknowledge their work. If you simply copy slabs of work from a textbook or web site and pretend it is yours, you are plagiarising". (2001, p 38)

Enter your response here:




If you are unsure of how to write quotes, you can check the Library web site or ask Library staff. 


A bibliography is a complete list of all the resources you looked at to come up with your own piece of work, not just the ones to which you actually referred.

If you are unsure of how to write a bibliography or list of references, you can check the library website or ask library staff.


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